The name of this organization shall be the International Society for the
    Advancement of Emergy Research (ISAER), otherwise known as the Emergy


    The purpose of this society is to foster and promote the scientific
    understanding of the concept of emergy, which was first developed by H.T.
    Odum, his students and colleagues. The society will accomplish this end by
    sponsoring research, setting standards, and facilitating communication (both
    informal discussion and scientific exchange) among the international community
    of scientists actively engaged in emergy research and in the public at-large.


    ISAER is organized as a nonprofit society and shall be operated exclusively for
    scientific, literary, and educational purposes.
    Not withstanding any other provisions of these articles, the organization is
    organized exclusively for one or more of the purposes as specified in Section
    501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and shall not carry on any
    activities not permitted to be carried on by an organization exempt from Federal
    income tax under IRC 501 (c) (3) or corresponding provisions of any
    subsequent tax laws.
    No part of the net earnings of the organization shall inure to the benefit of any
    member, trustee, director, officer of the organization, or any private individual
    (except that reasonable compensation may be paid for services tendered to or
    for the organization), and no member, trustee, officer of the organization or
    any private individual shall be entitled to share in the distribution of any of the
    organization's assets on dissolution. In any taxable Year in which the
    organization is a private foundation as described in IRC 509 (a), the
    organization shall distribute its income for said period at such time and manner
    as not-to subject it to tax under IRC 4942, and the organization shall not (a)
    engage in any act of self-dealing as defined in IRC 4941 (d), (b) retain any
    excess business holdings as defined in IRC 4943 (c), (c) make any investments
    in such a manner as to subject the organization to tax under IRC 4944, or (d)
    make any taxable expenditures as defined in IRC 4945 (d) or corresponding
    provisions of any subsequent Federal tax laws.


    Membership is open to those whose activities are consistent with the purpose
    of the organization, i.e., members must have an interest in emergy research, be
    engaged in emergy research, the application of emergy research or be seeking
    the training to allow them to begin engaging in such activities. All members are
    entitled to vote in the affairs of the corporation, to serve as members of the
    Executive Council and to be counted toward a quorum in any meeting of the
    membership. There shall be four classes of membership: regular, student,
    honorary, and emeritus. Regular membership is open to those persons who are
    professionally engaged in emergy research or its application in management.
    Student members must be students in good standing at any level of
    educational activity and have an interest in learning the emergy methodology.
    Honorary membership may be conferred by the Executive Council upon persons
    recognized for outstanding work or interest in the field of emergy research
    and/or education. Any ISAER member who is at least 70 years of age may
    request emeritus membership. Honorary and emeritus members shall not be
    required to pay dues.
    Application for membership shall be in writing in such a form as the Executive
    Council shall prescribe, and shall be submitted to the Secretary. The Secretary
    shall confer membership upon approval of the Executive Council or its
    representative and receipt of dues by the Treasurer.


    The Executive Council can set dues using emergy measures to insure equal
    ability to pay or in any other fair and equitable manner. Dues are due and
    payable to the Treasurer at, or before, the beginning of the calendar year.
    Members who owe dues for two years will automatically be dropped from
    membership, if still delinquent after the annual business meeting.


    Meetings for business will be held annually during the spring and they may be
    held as virtual meetings, either entirely or in part. The society will support face-
    to-face interactions of the international community of emergy researchers at the
    Biennial Emergy Research Conferences held at University of Florida, until such
    time as these meetings are no longer held at least once every other year. At
    this time ISAER will take up the responsibility of holding meetings of the
    international community at least every other year. The Executive Council of the
    Society can decide to hold annual meetings at any time, if and when the needs
    of the world-wide emergy community require additional opportunities to
    exchange knowledge. The emergy society conference will be held jointly with
    the biennial emergy conference when both fall in the same year. One must be,
    or become, a member of the society to give a scientific presentation at the
    meeting, unless invited by the Executive Council or its representative. As a
    general rule, invitations will be extended to all nonmembers who have emergy
    research to present.


    Attendance at business meetings shall be limited to members in good standing,
    except visitors may attend (but not vote) with the approval of the Executive
    Council or its representative.


    The Executive Council of the international organization shall consist of eight  
    representatives, who will be elected by the membership of the society. The
    Executive Council shall be elected for eight year terms and the Presidency shall
    rotate among the members. The order of Presidents will be determined by the
    newly elected Executive Council. There shall be no limit on the number of terms
    a Council member can serve. The nominating committee will be responsible for
    assembling the slate of candidates, who will stand for election every 8 years. If
    a council member can no longer serve or resigns, a special election shall be held
    to elect an individual to serve out the remainder of the member’s term. The
    officers of ISAER shall be a President, President-elect, Secretary, and Treasurer.
    The Secretary and Treasurer are members of the Executive Council and shall
    hold permanent positions for the time required to firmly establish the society.
    The Trustees will determine when the society is firmly established and after this
    time the Secretary and Treasurer will be elected by the Council from its
    members and hold 4 year terms of office. During their tenure on the Executive
    Council, the Secretary and Treasurer will each serve as President. The President
    shall perform all official duties for the International Society for the
    Advancement of Emergy Research (ISAER). If the President is not available, the
    President-elect or a member of Executive Council designated by the President
    shall be the representative. The President shall appoint one member of the
    Society to serve as Program Chair for the annual meeting, if and when ISAER
    takes on the responsibility of organizing Emergy Research Conferences. The
    Executive Council shall elect one member of the Society, who is not a current
    member of the Executive Council, to serve as Historian for their 8 year term.
    The Historian shall function as an ex officio member of the Council, except as
    noted below. Decision-making by the Executive Council shall be by simple
    majority vote, although Council members are charged to try to reach consensus
    on all matters critical to the well-being of the Society. If a Council vote
    becomes deadlocked on a question that could not be resolved by consensus,
    the Historian shall become a full Council member for the purpose of casting the
    deciding vote. A member of the Executive Council can be replaced if they miss
    two consecutive meetings without acceptable excuse and/or the rest of the
    Executive Council agrees to remove them from office for this or another just
    cause. If the President resigns or is unable to complete the term of office, the
    President-elect immediately takes over as President. The Executive Council shall
    have the power to fill all other vacancies in any elected or appointed office,
    except as specified below under the powers of the Trustees. These vacancies
    will be filled only to the end of the particular member's term. The Executive
    Council may create standing and ad hoc committees as needed. A quorum,
    which consists of a simple majority of the Executive Council members, must be
    present before business can be transacted or motions made or passed. The
    Executive Council is empowered to transact business and conduct meetings
    electronically, where a quorum is determined by the number of members who
    participate remotely.


    The President shall preside at all meetings of the membership and of the
    Executive Council and perform all other official functions for the society. If the
    President is unable to preside, the President-elect or a President pro-tem
    chosen by the Executive Council may conduct the meeting.

    The Secretary shall:
    1. maintain an up-to-date list of the members which shall be made available to
    the membership;
    2. maintain and have available a copy of the By-Laws  available for the
    information of any member;
    3. record minutes of all ISAER business meetings and Executive Council
    4. handle correspondence for the Society;
    5. prepare an annual report for each ISAER business meeting.
    6. when scientific meetings are held, work with the meeting organizers and the
    Program Chair to issue an announcement of the meeting and call for papers;

    The Treasurer shall:
    1. collect, disburse, and account for all monies, including those pertaining to
    dues and meetings;
    2. maintain bank accounts;
    3. maintain records of dues payments by ISAER members;
    4. report changes in paid membership to the Secretary;
    5. prepare a Treasurer's report for each ISAER business meeting;
    6. oversee the filing of tax documents for the organization, if necessary.

    Until such time as regular scientific meetings are sponsored by ISAER,
    communication among members will be fostered by the maintenance of a web
    site. The contents and activities available at the ISAER website will be approved
    by the Executive Council. When scientific meetings are held, the Program Chair,
    in conjunction with the local organizing committee, and with help from officers
    of the Society shall plan and carry out the meeting. The Program Chair shall be
    responsible for implementing the Society policy with respect to meeting conduct
    and content. With the approval of the Executive Council, the Program Chair
    shall have the power to initiate new ideas in meeting format, topic selection,
    and any other area he/she believes will add to free information exchange in an
    informal atmosphere. The Program Chair shall receive and review abstracts, and
    have final responsibility for all aspects of each ISAER scientific meeting. The
    President-elect presides at ISAER and Executive Council meetings and performs
    other official functions, if the President is not available. The immediate Past-
    President shall chair the Awards and Nominating Committees. The Historian
    shall maintain the historical documents of the Society, be present at all
    meetings of the Executive Council and serve as the tie-breaking vote when the
    Council becomes deadlocked. In addition to the duties described above, all
    members of the Executive Council may have additional duties.


    The standing committees shall be the Nominating, Awards, Communications,
    Standards and Local Arrangements Committees. The Nominating Committee is
    appointed by the Executive Council and it shall propose nominees for elected
    positions. Any member may ask to be nominated or volunteer for service on the
    Executive Council. These names will be circulated to the membership in an
    efficient and effective manner prior to the election meeting. The Executive
    Council will designate a Past-President to Chair this committee. The Awards
    Committee is appointed by the Executive Council and it shall oversee the
    development and distribution of all awards including support for travel and
    research. The Communications Committee shall oversee all the ways the ISAER
    communicates with the membership and with others. Duties include providing
    for the maintenance of the ISAER website, providing input to the structure and
    activities available on the ISAER website, ensuring the flow of relevant
    information to the ISAER Newsletter and to the public, sponsoring ISAER
    publications. The Standards Committee will assemble and keep current a list of
    best practices for use in Emergy Synthesis, Emergy Analysis and Environmental
    Accounting. This duty will include but is not limited to assembling and keeping
    current a catalog of emergy per unit values, i.e., transformities, specific
    emergies, and emergy to money ratios. When ISAER begins to hold annual
    conferences, the Local Arrangements Committee shall select an appropriate
    facility for the meeting in conjunction with the Executive Council and the
    Program Chair. The Executive Council and the Program Chair shall choose the
    chair of the Local Arrangements committee. The Local Arrangements committee
    usually serves for one meeting.


    Election of the members of the Executive Council shall be by majority vote of
    the electorate. Voting may be done at the Biennial Emergy Society meeting
    and/or electronically by e-mail. Voting by e-mail will be by a secure password
    protected link and ballots will be secret. Votes will be counted by the Secretary
    and the names of the new members shall be announced. In case of a tie, the
    current President of the  Society shall cast the deciding vote.


    Proposed amendments to the ISAER By-laws may be offered at the annual
    meeting. Amendments shall be circulated to members by an efficient and
    effective manner at least three weeks prior to meeting dates. Adoptions of
    these amendments shall be by two-thirds of the members voting at the meeting.


    The annual accounting period will end December 31 each year.


    The Society has four Trustees listed on our incorporation document, whose
    primary duty is to insure the health and continuance of the organization. The
    Trustees are legally responsible for the organization’s actions. The Trustees are
    responsible for determining that the organization is able to carry out its stated
    purpose and functions. The Trustees also carry the responsibility to decide if
    and when the organization will be dissolved. The initial Trustees are Dr. David
    R. Tilley, Dr. Daniel E. Campbell, Ms. Elisabeth C. Odum, and Mr. Thomas E.
    Campbell, Esq. The number of Trustees can be no less than 3 and can be
    increased according to the needs of the Society. New Trustees can be added
    and Trustees who retire or can no longer carry out their duties will be replaced
    from candidates nominated by the current Trustees and approved by the
    Executive Council.


    In the event of dissolution, any assets of ISAER shall be given to the
    International Society for Systems Sciences to be used to support an Emergy
    Research special interest group. If this is not possible, remaining ISAER assets
    will be distributed to a like-minded fund, foundation or corporation organized
    and operated exclusively for the purposes specified in section 501 (e) (3) of the
    Internal Revenue Code.
By-Laws of the Emergy Society

International Society for the Advancement of Emergy Research

The Emergy Society